It is a traditional regional beer. It recaptures a style of beer popular at the end of the 19th century in the Austrian Empire and also in Modena with its traditional ties to Vienna. Birra di Modena is produced according to a Modenese recipe from that period in a brewery in the Czech Republic, the only country where the beer industry still uses the traditional preparation of the wort by the decoction process (and not by simple infusion as with almost all lagers today). This process gives to Birra di Modena a decisive character even though it remains sweet and only moderately alcoholic.
It would have been difficult and expensive to use the decoction process and produce well in a craft brewery.